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How to teach English (助力英语教学能力考试-教学设计lesson plan)

作者:TESOL总部来源:TESOL in China网址:http://www.tefltesol.com.cn

How to teach English (助力英语教学能力考试-教学设计lesson plan)


1.教学设计的模式

词汇和语法,写作课:PPP模式

听力,阅读课:PWP模式


There are two commons kinds of lesson plans used by English teachers. They are PPP and PWP models.

WHAT IS PPP LESSON PLAN?

It is mainly used for teaching vocabulary, grammar, and writing. It stands for Presentation, Practice, and Production.This means that a lesson is divided into 3 stages.

Presentation --

In this stage, the teacher presents the item or content she wants her students to learn. For example, she wants her students to learn 'Present Simple', she will needs to introduce the form and use and provide as many examples to the students.

Practice --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to practice what she has presented in the earlier stage. For example, she may ask her students to unscramble the sentences, fill in the gaps with correct form, or identify the usage.

Production --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to use what they learned from the earlier stages.

Students need to personalize it, meaning they apply to their real life by writing or speaking.

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WHAT IS PWP LESSON PLAN?

It is mainly used for teaching listening and reading . It stands for Pre-, While-, and Post-. This means that a lesson is divided into 3 stages.

Pre-Reading/Listening --

In this stage, the teacher draws the students' attention to the lesson and presents the item or content she wants her students to learn. For example, she wants her students to read a text, she will ask students to look at the picture, guess what the text will be about, and so on.

While-Reading/Listening --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to read or listen and do some activities. For example, she may ask students to read and find some specific information, some general information, or the meaning of the whole text.

Post-Reading/Listening --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to use what they learned from the earlier stages.


Students need to personalize it, meaning they apply to their real life by either writing or speaking.


补充材料:怎样用PPP模式教语法 https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/planning-a-grammar-lesson

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怎样用PWP教阅读:

(通常为活动+提问形式)

三分钟热身

读前两分钟

读中三十分钟

读后八分钟

总结及作业两分钟

阅读的技能和策略:prediction(预测),scanning(寻读),skimming(略读),总结(summarizing)appreciation(理解)


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怎样用PWP教听力:

听前八分钟 Lead-in导入 (利用相关材料引起学生注意力,调动积极性,为接下来的学习打基础)(主要是预测和准备)

听中三十分钟 (主要是练习)

听后五分钟(主要是巩固)

总结及作业两分钟


听力的技能和策略(也是活动一部分):prediction(预测)listen and check/fill/answer,dictation(听写)

补充材料:BBC怎样用PWP模式教听力 https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/a-framework-planning-a-listening-skills-lesson


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怎样用PPP模式教语法:

Lead in导入四分钟(歌曲,台词,图片描述等)

Practice and presentation课堂操练和新知呈现三十分钟

Production成果六分钟(学生自主完成的活动,如角色扮演,海报设计用于巩固所学内容)

Summary and Homework五分钟


补充材料:BBC怎样用PPP模式教语法 https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/planning-a-grammar-lesson

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怎样用PWP模式教写作:

写前十九分钟(一些准备工作,比如判断文体,寻找连接词逻辑词)

写中十六分钟(根据要求写作,一般是列出提纲outline,然后撰文draft)

写后八分钟(检查评价打分,最好小组完成)

总结及作业两分钟(作业通常是在老师知道后改自己所写的文章)


写作教学策略: reading for connected words阅读寻找连接词,writing out the outline of the reading passage(列提纲)writing a draft(写作)

补充材料:BBC怎样教写作 https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/planning-a-writing-lesson



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